Série com flores – Hibiscos – Collection with flowers – Hibiscus – eleven-01-2015 – IMG_1545

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Série com flores - Hibiscos – Series with flowers - Hibiscus - 11-01-2015 - IMG_1545

Um texto, em português, da Wikipédia:

Hibiscus

Hibiscus L. é um gênero botânico, com cerca de 300 espécies, inserido na família das Malvaceae, com flores e folhas exuberantes. Devido à nova taxonomia pela filogenética (Angiosperm Phylogeny Team), muitas espécies que pertenciam a esse gênero estão migrando para outros gêneros. Por exemplo: Hibiscus esculentus L., a planta do quiabo, agora é Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. O cultivo dos exemplares do gênero, tanto ornamental como econômico, está disseminado nas regiões subtropicais e tropicais, cuidando para não sofrerem com geadas e temperaturas baixas constantes.

Etimologia:
Hibiscus significa Ísis (deusa egípcia), em grego.

Sinonímia:

Bombycidendron Zoll. & Moritzi
Bombycodendron Hassk.
Brockmania W. Fitzg.
Fioria Mattei

Espécies:

Hibiscus acetosella
Hibiscus x archeri (híbrido)
Hibiscus arnottianus
Hibiscus bifurcatus
Hibiscus brackenridgei
Hibiscus calyphyllus
Hibiscus cameronii
Hibiscus cannabinus
Hibiscus chitra
Hibiscus cisplatinus
Hibiscus clayi
Hibiscus coccineus
Hibiscus denisonii
Hibiscus diversifolius
Hibiscus elatus
Hibiscus furcellatus
Hibiscus fuscus
Hibiscus grandiflorus
Hibiscus hastatus
Hibiscus heterophyllus
Hibiscus indicus
Hibiscus kokio
Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Hibiscus lavaterioides
Hibiscus lobatus
Hibiscus ludwigii
Hibiscus macrophyllus

Hibiscus mastersianus
Hibiscus militaris
Hibiscus moscheutos
Hibiscus mutabilis (malva-rosa)
Hibiscus paramutabilis
Hibiscus pedunculatus
Hibiscus pernambucensis (guanxuma-do-mangue)
Hibiscus platanifolius
Hibiscus radiatus
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (hibisco)
Hibiscus sabdariffa (vinagreira)
Hibiscus schizopetalus (hibisco-crespo)
Hibiscus scottii
Hibiscus sinosyriacus
Hibiscus splendens
Hibiscus syriacus (hibisco-da-síria)
Hibiscus tiliaceus (algodoeiro-da-praia)
Hibiscus trionum (flor-de-todas-as-horas)
Hibiscus waimeae
Hibiscus dioscorides
Hibiscus diriffan
Hibiscus escobariae
Hibiscus noli-tangere
Hibiscus quattenensis
Hibiscus socotranus
Hibiscus stenanthus

Portugal:
Em Portugal este género está representado por two espécies, presentes em Portugal Continental, a primeira nativa, a segunda introduzida:1

Hibiscus palustris L.
Hibiscus trionum L.

Classificação do gênero:

Sistema Classificação Referência
Linné Classe Monadelphia, ordem Polyandria Species plantarum (1753)

Papuodendron C. T. White
Pariti Adans.
Talipariti Fryxell
Wilhelminia Hochr.

A text, in english, from Wikipedia, the totally free encyclopedia:
Hibiscus
For other utilizes, see Hibiscus (disambiguation).
Hibiscus
Hibiscus flower TZ.jpg
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Angiosperms
Course: Eudicots
Order: Malvales
Loved ones: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Genus: Hibiscus
L.
Species

232 species
Synonyms

Bombycidendron Zoll. & Moritzi
Bombycodendron Hassk.
Brockmania W.Fitzg.
Pariti Adans.
Wilhelminia Hochr.

Hibiscus (/hɨˈbɪskəs/ or /haɪˈbɪskəs/) is a genus of flowering crops in the mallow household, Malvaceae. It is really big, that contains various hundred species that are indigenous to warm-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the planet. Member species are normally famous for their showy flowers and are commonly recognized just as hibiscus, or considerably less extensively recognized as rose mallow. The genus incorporates both annual and perennial herbaceous crops, as perfectly as woody shrubs and compact trees. The generic title is derived from the Greek word ἱβίσκος (hibískos), which was the title Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. 40–90) gave to Althaea officinalis.

Description:
The leaves are alternate, ovate to lanceolate, normally with a toothed or lobed margin. The flowers are big, conspicuous, trumpet-formed, with 5 or far more petals, color from white to pink, red, orange, purple or yellow, and from 4–18 cm broad. Flower color in sure species, these types of as H. mutabilis and H. tiliaceus, adjustments with age.[five] The fruit is a dry 5-lobed capsule, that contains various seeds in each lobe, which are released when the capsule dehisces (splits open up) at maturity. It is of red and white colours. It is an example of entire flowers.

Utilizes:
Symbolism and society
Hibiscus species symbolize nations: Hibiscus syriacus is the nationwide flower of South Korea, and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is the nationwide flower of Malaysia. The hibiscus is the nationwide flower of Haiti. The red hibiscus is the flower of the Hindu goddess Kali, and seems frequently in depictions of her in the artwork of Bengal, India, normally with the goddess and the flower merging in type. The hibiscus is used as an giving to goddess Kali and Lord Ganesha in Hindu worship.

In the Philippines, the gumamela (local title for hibiscus) is used by youngsters as section of a bubble-earning pastime. The flowers and leaves are crushed right up until the sticky juices appear out. Hollow papaya stalks are then dipped into this and used as straws for blowing bubbles.

The hibiscus flower is ordinarily worn by Tahitian and Hawaiian girls. If the flower is worn powering the remaining ear, the woman is married or in a marriage. If the flower is worn on the proper, she is one or brazenly accessible for a marriage. The hibiscus is Hawaii’s condition flower.

Nigerian creator Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie named her initial novel Purple Hibiscus soon after the sensitive flower.

The bark of the hibiscus contains strong bast fibres that can be attained by letting the stripped bark established in the sea to enable the natural substance rot away.

Landscaping
A lot of species are developed for their showy flowers or used as landscape shrubs, and are used to appeal to butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.

Paper
A single species of Hibiscus, recognized as kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), is extensively used in paper-earning.

Beverage
Most important article: Hibiscus tea

The tea made of hibiscus flowers is recognized by a lot of names in a lot of countries close to the planet and is served both warm and cold. The beverage is perfectly recognized for its color, tanginess and taste.

It is recognized as bissap in West Africa, agua de jamaica in Mexico and Honduras (the flower becoming flor de jamaica) and gudhal (गुड़हल) in India. Some refer to it as roselle, a widespread title for the hibiscus flower. In Jamaica, Trinidad and a lot of other islands in the Caribbean, the drink is recognized as sorrel (Hibiscus sabdariffa not to be baffled with Rumex acetosa, a species sharing the widespread title sorrel). In Ghana, the drink is recognized as soobolo in just one of the local languages.

Roselle is generally boiled in an enamel-coated big inventory pot as most West Indians feel the metal from aluminum, metal or copper pots will demolish the pure minerals and vitamins.[citation necessary]

In Cambodia, a cold beverage can be prepared by initial steeping the petals in warm h2o right up until the colours are leached from the petals, then including lime juice (which turns the beverage from dark brown/red to a vibrant red), sweeteners (sugar/honey) and eventually cold h2o/ice cubes.

In Egypt,[citation necessary] Sudan and the Arab planet, hibiscus tea is recognized as karkadé (كركديه), and is served as both a warm and a cold drink.

Meals
Dried hibiscus is edible, and it is normally a delicacy in Mexico. It can also be candied and used as a garnish.

The roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is used as a vegetable. The species Hibiscus suratensis Linn synonymous to Hibiscus aculeatus G. Don is famous in Visayas Philippines becoming a souring ingredient for nearly all local vegetables and menus. Recognized as Labog in the Visayan location, (or Labuag/Sapinit in Tagalog), the species is a incredibly good ingredient in cooking indigenous rooster soup. Certain species of hibiscus are also beginning to be used far more extensively as a pure source of food stuff coloring (E163),[citation necessary] and substitute of Red #three / E127.

Hibiscus species are used as food stuff crops by the larvae of some Lepidopteran species, including Chionodes hibiscella, Hypercompe hambletoni, the nutmeg moth, and the turnip moth.

Wellness rewards
The tea is well-known as a pure diuretic it contains vitamin C and minerals, and is used ordinarily as a moderate medicine.

A 2008 USDA examine shows consuming hibiscus tea lowers blood tension in a team of prehypertensive and mildly hypertensive adults. 3 cups of tea day-to-day resulted in an ordinary drop of eight.1 mmHg in their systolic blood tension, in comparison to a 1.three mmHg drop in the volunteers who drank the placebo beverage. Study members with higher blood tension readings (129 or previously mentioned) had a higher reaction to hibiscus tea: their systolic blood tension went down by thirteen.two mmHg. These info help the thought that ingesting hibiscus tea in an sum conveniently included into the diet plan could engage in a position in managing blood tension, whilst far more analysis is required.

Studies have shown the anti-hypertensive outcomes of H. sabdariffa in both humans and animals. It has been proposed that the antihypertensive outcomes of H. sabdariffa is owing to its angiotensin-changing enzyme inhibiting exercise. In a randomized, controlled clinical trial involving 39 sufferers with moderate to average hypertension, Captopril was in comparison to an extract of H. sabdariffa for antihypertensive outcomes. Topics taking an extract of H.sabdariffa, consumed day-to-day prior to breakfast for 4 weeks, located reduction in blood tension equivalent to Captopril. Yet another randomized, placebo clinical trial involving 54 examine members with average hypertension shown a reduction in both systolic and diastolic blood tension. Nonetheless upon discontinuation of therapy, both systolic and diastolic blood pressures ended up subsequently elevated.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has a quantity of clinical utilizes in Chinese herbology. Lokapure s.g.et al. their analysis implies some probable in beauty pores and skin treatment for example, an extract from the flowers of Hibiscus rosa- sinensis has been shown to function as an anti-solar agent by absorbing ultraviolet radiation.

In the Indian regular technique of medicine, Ayurveda, hibiscus, especially white hibiscus and red hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), is deemed to have medicinal homes. The roots are used to make numerous concoctions thought to treatment ailments these types of as cough, hair loss or hair greying. As a hair therapy, the flowers are boiled in oil together with other spices to make a medicated hair oil. The leaves and flowers are ground into a fine paste with a very little h2o, and the ensuing lathery paste is used as a shampoo moreover conditioner.

Hibiscus tea also contains bioflavonoids, which are thought to assistance stop an enhance in LDL cholesterol, which can enhance the buildup of plaque in the arteries.

A former animal examine shown the outcomes of H.sabdariffa extract on atherosclerosis in rabbits. Notably, a reduction in triglyceride, cholesterol, and lower-density lipoprotein was observed in rabbits consuming a high cholesterol diet plan (HCD) in addition to H.sabdariffa extract in comparison to rabbits only fed HCD, suggesting a effective result.[16] Also, the H. sabdariffa seed is abundant in phytosterol and tocopherol, plant sorts of cholesterol that have antioxidant and LDL cholesterol reducing outcomes.

Safety measures and Contraindications:

Being pregnant and Lactation
Even though the mechanism is not perfectly comprehended, former animal reports have shown both an inhibitory result of H. sabdariffa on muscle tone and the anti-fertility outcomes of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, respectively. The extract of H. sabdariffa has been shown to promote contraction of the rat bladder and uterus the H.rosa-sinensis extract has exhibited contraceptive outcomes in the type of estrogen exercise in rats. These conclusions have not been observed in humans. The Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is also imagined to have emmenagogue outcomes which can promote menstruation and, in some ladies, bring about an abortion. Owing to the documented adverse outcomes in animal reports and the noted pharmacological homes, the H. sabdariffa and H.rosa-sinensis are not proposed for use during being pregnant. On top of that, they are not proposed while breastfeeding owing to the lack of trusted data on its protection and use.

Contraindications
No contraindications have been recognized.

Adverse Outcomes
Drug Interactions
It is postulated that H. sabdariffa interacts with diclofenac, chloroquine and acetaminophen by altering the pharmacokinetics. In healthier human volunteers, the H. sabdariffa extract was located to decrease the excretion of diclofenac upon co-administration. On top of that, co-administration of Karkade (H. sabdariffa), a widespread Sudanese beverage, was located to decrease chloroquine bioavailability. Nonetheless, no statistically substantial adjustments ended up observed in the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen when administered with the Zobo (H.sabdariffa) drink. More reports are necessary to show clinical importance.

Species:
In temperate zones, most likely the most commonly developed ornamental species is Hibiscus syriacus, the widespread back garden hibiscus, also recognized in some regions as the “Rose of Althea” or “Rose of Sharon” (but not to be baffled with the unrelated Hypericum calycinum, also identified as “Rose of Sharon”). In tropical and subtropical regions, the Chinese hibiscus (H. rosa-sinensis), with its a lot of showy hybrids, is the most well-known hibiscus.

A number of hundred species are

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Série com flores – Hibiscos – Sequence with bouquets – Hibiscus – 11-01-2015 – IMG_1680

Posted onLeave a commentCategoriesTreatment

Série com flores - Hibiscos – Series with flowers - Hibiscus - 11-01-2015 – IMG_1680

Um texto, em português, da Wikipédia:

Hibiscus

Hibiscus L. é um gênero botânico, com cerca de 300 espécies, inserido na família das Malvaceae, com flores e folhas exuberantes. Devido à nova taxonomia pela filogenética (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group), muitas espécies que pertenciam a esse gênero estão migrando para outros gêneros. Por exemplo: Hibiscus esculentus L., a planta do quiabo, agora é Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. O cultivo dos exemplares do gênero, tanto ornamental como econômico, está disseminado nas regiões subtropicais e tropicais, cuidando para não sofrerem com geadas e temperaturas baixas constantes.

Etimologia:
Hibiscus significa Ísis (deusa egípcia), em grego.

Sinonímia:

Bombycidendron Zoll. & Moritzi
Bombycodendron Hassk.
Brockmania W. Fitzg.
Fioria Mattei

Espécies:

Hibiscus acetosella
Hibiscus x archeri (híbrido)
Hibiscus arnottianus
Hibiscus bifurcatus
Hibiscus brackenridgei
Hibiscus calyphyllus
Hibiscus cameronii
Hibiscus cannabinus
Hibiscus chitra
Hibiscus cisplatinus
Hibiscus clayi
Hibiscus coccineus
Hibiscus denisonii
Hibiscus diversifolius
Hibiscus elatus
Hibiscus furcellatus
Hibiscus fuscus
Hibiscus grandiflorus
Hibiscus hastatus
Hibiscus heterophyllus
Hibiscus indicus
Hibiscus kokio
Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Hibiscus lavaterioides
Hibiscus lobatus
Hibiscus ludwigii
Hibiscus macrophyllus

Hibiscus mastersianus
Hibiscus militaris
Hibiscus moscheutos
Hibiscus mutabilis (malva-rosa)
Hibiscus paramutabilis
Hibiscus pedunculatus
Hibiscus pernambucensis (guanxuma-do-mangue)
Hibiscus platanifolius
Hibiscus radiatus
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (hibisco)
Hibiscus sabdariffa (vinagreira)
Hibiscus schizopetalus (hibisco-crespo)
Hibiscus scottii
Hibiscus sinosyriacus
Hibiscus splendens
Hibiscus syriacus (hibisco-da-síria)
Hibiscus tiliaceus (algodoeiro-da-praia)
Hibiscus trionum (flor-de-todas-as-horas)
Hibiscus waimeae
Hibiscus dioscorides
Hibiscus diriffan
Hibiscus escobariae
Hibiscus noli-tangere
Hibiscus quattenensis
Hibiscus socotranus
Hibiscus stenanthus

Portugal:
Em Portugal este género está representado por 2 espécies, presentes em Portugal Continental, a primeira nativa, a segunda introduzida:1

Hibiscus palustris L.
Hibiscus trionum L.

Classificação do gênero:

Sistema Classificação Referência
Linné Classe Monadelphia, ordem Polyandria Species plantarum (1753)

Papuodendron C. T. White
Pariti Adans.
Talipariti Fryxell
Wilhelminia Hochr.

A textual content, in english, from Wikipedia, the free of charge encyclopedia:
Hibiscus
For other utilizes, see Hibiscus (disambiguation).
Hibiscus
Hibiscus flower TZ.jpg
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Angiosperms
Class: Eudicots
Order: Malvales
Spouse and children: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Genus: Hibiscus
L.
Species

232 species
Synonyms

Bombycidendron Zoll. & Moritzi
Bombycodendron Hassk.
Brockmania W.Fitzg.
Pariti Adans.
Wilhelminia Hochr.

Hibiscus (/hɨˈbɪskəs/ or /haɪˈbɪskəs/) is a genus of flowering vegetation in the mallow spouse and children, Malvaceae. It is really large, that contains several hundred species that are native to heat-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world. Member species are frequently mentioned for their showy bouquets and are generally acknowledged simply as hibiscus, or less commonly acknowledged as rose mallow. The genus consists of the two yearly and perennial herbaceous vegetation, as properly as woody shrubs and modest trees. The generic identify is derived from the Greek phrase ἱβίσκος (hibískos), which was the identify Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. 40–90) gave to Althaea officinalis.

Description:
The leaves are alternate, ovate to lanceolate, frequently with a toothed or lobed margin. The bouquets are large, conspicuous, trumpet-shaped, with 5 or far more petals, colour from white to pink, pink, orange, purple or yellow, and from 4–18 cm wide. Flower colour in particular species, this sort of as H. mutabilis and H. tiliaceus, improvements with age.[5] The fruit is a dry 5-lobed capsule, that contains several seeds in just about every lobe, which are launched when the capsule dehisces (splits open up) at maturity. It is of pink and white colours. It is an example of full bouquets.

Employs:
Symbolism and culture
Hibiscus species stand for nations: Hibiscus syriacus is the countrywide flower of South Korea, and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is the countrywide flower of Malaysia. The hibiscus is the countrywide flower of Haiti. The pink hibiscus is the flower of the Hindu goddess Kali, and seems often in depictions of her in the art of Bengal, India, frequently with the goddess and the flower merging in sort. The hibiscus is utilised as an presenting to goddess Kali and Lord Ganesha in Hindu worship.

In the Philippines, the gumamela (community identify for hibiscus) is utilised by kids as portion of a bubble-creating pastime. The bouquets and leaves are crushed right up until the sticky juices come out. Hollow papaya stalks are then dipped into this and utilised as straws for blowing bubbles.

The hibiscus flower is ordinarily worn by Tahitian and Hawaiian women. If the flower is worn driving the still left ear, the lady is married or in a romance. If the flower is worn on the suitable, she is solitary or brazenly available for a romance. The hibiscus is Hawaii’s condition flower.

Nigerian writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie named her to start with novel Purple Hibiscus after the fragile flower.

The bark of the hibiscus includes robust bast fibres that can be received by permitting the stripped bark established in the sea to enable the organic product rot away.

Landscaping
Many species are developed for their showy bouquets or utilised as landscape shrubs, and are utilised to appeal to butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.

Paper
A single species of Hibiscus, acknowledged as kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), is thoroughly utilised in paper-creating.

Beverage
Principal post: Hibiscus tea

The tea made of hibiscus bouquets is acknowledged by a lot of names in a lot of nations around the world all-around the world and is served the two hot and chilly. The beverage is properly acknowledged for its colour, tanginess and flavor.

It is acknowledged as bissap in West Africa, agua de jamaica in Mexico and Honduras (the flower becoming flor de jamaica) and gudhal (गुड़हल) in India. Some refer to it as roselle, a typical identify for the hibiscus flower. In Jamaica, Trinidad and a lot of other islands in the Caribbean, the drink is acknowledged as sorrel (Hibiscus sabdariffa not to be confused with Rumex acetosa, a species sharing the typical identify sorrel). In Ghana, the drink is acknowledged as soobolo in one particular of the community languages.

Roselle is commonly boiled in an enamel-coated large inventory pot as most West Indians imagine the metal from aluminum, metal or copper pots will wipe out the purely natural minerals and natural vitamins.[quotation essential]

In Cambodia, a chilly beverage can be ready by to start with steeping the petals in hot water right up until the hues are leached from the petals, then introducing lime juice (which turns the beverage from darkish brown/pink to a dazzling pink), sweeteners (sugar/honey) and at last chilly water/ice cubes.

In Egypt,[quotation essential] Sudan and the Arab world, hibiscus tea is acknowledged as karkadé (كركديه), and is served as the two a hot and a chilly drink.

Meals
Dried hibiscus is edible, and it is frequently a delicacy in Mexico. It can also be candied and utilised as a garnish.

The roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is utilised as a vegetable. The species Hibiscus suratensis Linn synonymous to Hibiscus aculeatus G. Don is mentioned in Visayas Philippines becoming a souring component for nearly all community greens and menus. Recognised as Labog in the Visayan place, (or Labuag/Sapinit in Tagalog), the species is a really good component in cooking native hen soup. Specific species of hibiscus are also starting to be utilised far more commonly as a purely natural resource of foodstuff coloring (E163),[quotation essential] and replacement of Pink #3 / E127.

Hibiscus species are utilised as foodstuff vegetation by the larvae of some Lepidopteran species, together with Chionodes hibiscella, Hypercompe hambletoni, the nutmeg moth, and the turnip moth.

Well being benefits
The tea is popular as a purely natural diuretic it includes vitamin C and minerals, and is utilised ordinarily as a mild medicine.

A 2008 USDA study demonstrates consuming hibiscus tea lowers blood strain in a group of prehypertensive and mildly hypertensive older people. Three cups of tea day-to-day resulted in an average fall of 8.1 mmHg in their systolic blood strain, when compared to a 1.3 mmHg fall in the volunteers who drank the placebo beverage. Study members with higher blood strain readings (129 or over) experienced a increased reaction to hibiscus tea: their systolic blood strain went down by thirteen.2 mmHg. These info help the thought that drinking hibiscus tea in an volume easily included into the diet program may participate in a position in controlling blood strain, even though far more investigation is demanded.

Reports have demonstrated the anti-hypertensive effects of H. sabdariffa in the two humans and animals. It has been proposed that the antihypertensive effects of H. sabdariffa is because of to its angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibiting exercise. In a randomized, controlled clinical trial involving 39 clients with mild to reasonable hypertension, Captopril was when compared to an extract of H. sabdariffa for antihypertensive effects. Topics using an extract of H.sabdariffa, eaten day-to-day before breakfast for 4 months, identified reduction in blood strain identical to Captopril. One more randomized, placebo clinical trial involving 54 study members with reasonable hypertension demonstrated a reduction in the two systolic and diastolic blood strain. On the other hand on discontinuation of procedure, the two systolic and diastolic blood pressures have been subsequently elevated.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has a selection of medical utilizes in Chinese herbology. Lokapure s.g.et al. their investigation implies some potential in cosmetic pores and skin care for example, an extract from the bouquets of Hibiscus rosa- sinensis has been proven to perform as an anti-photo voltaic agent by absorbing ultraviolet radiation.

In the Indian conventional system of medicine, Ayurveda, hibiscus, particularly white hibiscus and pink hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), is regarded as to have medicinal houses. The roots are utilised to make several concoctions thought to get rid of illnesses this sort of as cough, hair decline or hair greying. As a hair procedure, the bouquets are boiled in oil together with other spices to make a medicated hair oil. The leaves and bouquets are floor into a fantastic paste with a very little water, and the resulting lathery paste is utilised as a shampoo in addition conditioner.

Hibiscus tea also includes bioflavonoids, which are thought to aid reduce an maximize in LDL cholesterol, which can maximize the buildup of plaque in the arteries.

A past animal study demonstrated the effects of H.sabdariffa extract on atherosclerosis in rabbits. Notably, a reduction in triglyceride, cholesterol, and reduced-density lipoprotein was noticed in rabbits consuming a high cholesterol diet program (HCD) in addition to H.sabdariffa extract when compared to rabbits only fed HCD, suggesting a helpful effect.[sixteen] Also, the H. sabdariffa seed is considerable in phytosterol and tocopherol, plant varieties of cholesterol that have antioxidant and LDL cholesterol reducing effects.

Safeguards and Contraindications:

Being pregnant and Lactation
While the system is not properly recognized, past animal reports have demonstrated the two an inhibitory effect of H. sabdariffa on muscle tone and the anti-fertility effects of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, respectively. The extract of H. sabdariffa has been proven to encourage contraction of the rat bladder and uterus the H.rosa-sinensis extract has exhibited contraceptive effects in the sort of estrogen exercise in rats. These results have not been noticed in humans. The Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is also imagined to have emmenagogue effects which can encourage menstruation and, in some gals, cause an abortion. Because of to the documented adverse effects in animal reports and the claimed pharmacological houses, the H. sabdariffa and H.rosa-sinensis are not proposed for use all through pregnancy. Also, they are not proposed whilst breastfeeding because of to the lack of dependable details on its security and use.

Contraindications
No contraindications have been recognized.

Adverse Results
Drug Interactions
It is postulated that H. sabdariffa interacts with diclofenac, chloroquine and acetaminophen by altering the pharmacokinetics. In wholesome human volunteers, the H. sabdariffa extract was identified to lower the excretion of diclofenac on co-administration. Also, co-administration of Karkade (H. sabdariffa), a typical Sudanese beverage, was identified to lower chloroquine bioavailability. On the other hand, no statistically considerable improvements have been noticed in the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen when administered with the Zobo (H.sabdariffa) drink. Even more reports are essential to demonstrate clinical importance.

Species:
In temperate zones, probably the most generally developed ornamental species is Hibiscus syriacus, the typical backyard hibiscus, also acknowledged in some spots as the “Rose of Althea” or “Rose of Sharon” (but not to be confused with the unrelated Hypericum calycinum, also termed “Rose of Sharon”). In

If you are looking for catastrophic health insurance policies coverage,…

Posted onLeave a commentCategoriesTreatment

If you are looking for catastrophic health insurance coverage,...

If you are looking for catastrophic health insurance policies coverage, your goal is to get the finest rate you maybe can with a top-rated insurance provider. The following points out exactly how to do that.

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Posted by l_j_reilly on 2013-eleven-twelve 08:34:sixteen

Tagged: , health , insurance policies

Série com flores – Hibiscos – Sequence with bouquets – Hibiscus – eleven-01-2015 – IMG_1433

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Série com flores - Hibiscos – Series with flowers - Hibiscus - 11-01-2015 - IMG_1433

Um texto, em português, da Wikipédia:

Hibiscus

Hibiscus L. é um gênero botânico, com cerca de three hundred espécies, inserido na família das Malvaceae, com flores e folhas exuberantes. Devido à nova taxonomia pela filogenética (Angiosperm Phylogeny Team), muitas espécies que pertenciam a esse gênero estão migrando para outros gêneros. Por exemplo: Hibiscus esculentus L., a planta do quiabo, agora é Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. O cultivo dos exemplares do gênero, tanto decorative como econômico, está disseminado nas regiões subtropicais e tropicais, cuidando para não sofrerem com geadas e temperaturas baixas constantes.

Etimologia:
Hibiscus significa Ísis (deusa egípcia), em grego.

Sinonímia:

Bombycidendron Zoll. & Moritzi
Bombycodendron Hassk.
Brockmania W. Fitzg.
Fioria Mattei

Espécies:

Hibiscus acetosella
Hibiscus x archeri (híbrido)
Hibiscus arnottianus
Hibiscus bifurcatus
Hibiscus brackenridgei
Hibiscus calyphyllus
Hibiscus cameronii
Hibiscus cannabinus
Hibiscus chitra
Hibiscus cisplatinus
Hibiscus clayi
Hibiscus coccineus
Hibiscus denisonii
Hibiscus diversifolius
Hibiscus elatus
Hibiscus furcellatus
Hibiscus fuscus
Hibiscus grandiflorus
Hibiscus hastatus
Hibiscus heterophyllus
Hibiscus indicus
Hibiscus kokio
Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Hibiscus lavaterioides
Hibiscus lobatus
Hibiscus ludwigii
Hibiscus macrophyllus

Hibiscus mastersianus
Hibiscus militaris
Hibiscus moscheutos
Hibiscus mutabilis (malva-rosa)
Hibiscus paramutabilis
Hibiscus pedunculatus
Hibiscus pernambucensis (guanxuma-do-mangue)
Hibiscus platanifolius
Hibiscus radiatus
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (hibisco)
Hibiscus sabdariffa (vinagreira)
Hibiscus schizopetalus (hibisco-crespo)
Hibiscus scottii
Hibiscus sinosyriacus
Hibiscus splendens
Hibiscus syriacus (hibisco-da-síria)
Hibiscus tiliaceus (algodoeiro-da-praia)
Hibiscus trionum (flor-de-todas-as-horas)
Hibiscus waimeae
Hibiscus dioscorides
Hibiscus diriffan
Hibiscus escobariae
Hibiscus noli-tangere
Hibiscus quattenensis
Hibiscus socotranus
Hibiscus stenanthus

Portugal:
Em Portugal este género está representado por 2 espécies, presentes em Portugal Continental, a primeira nativa, a segunda introduzida:1

Hibiscus palustris L.
Hibiscus trionum L.

Classificação do gênero:

Sistema Classificação Referência
Linné Classe Monadelphia, ordem Polyandria Species plantarum (1753)

Papuodendron C. T. White
Pariti Adans.
Talipariti Fryxell
Wilhelminia Hochr.

A textual content, in english, from Wikipedia, the totally free encyclopedia:
Hibiscus
For other works by using, see Hibiscus (disambiguation).
Hibiscus
Hibiscus flower TZ.jpg
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Angiosperms
Class: Eudicots
Get: Malvales
Loved ones: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Genus: Hibiscus
L.
Species

232 species
Synonyms

Bombycidendron Zoll. & Moritzi
Bombycodendron Hassk.
Brockmania W.Fitzg.
Pariti Adans.
Wilhelminia Hochr.

Hibiscus (/hɨˈbɪskəs/ or /haɪˈbɪskəs/) is a genus of flowering crops in the mallow loved ones, Malvaceae. It is pretty huge, that contains a number of hundred species that are indigenous to heat-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions during the planet. Member species are often observed for their showy bouquets and are usually acknowledged just as hibiscus, or considerably less widely acknowledged as rose mallow. The genus contains equally once-a-year and perennial herbaceous crops, as effectively as woody shrubs and smaller trees. The generic title is derived from the Greek phrase ἱβίσκος (hibískos), which was the title Pedanius Dioscorides (ca. 40–90) gave to Althaea officinalis.

Description:
The leaves are alternate, ovate to lanceolate, often with a toothed or lobed margin. The bouquets are huge, conspicuous, trumpet-formed, with 5 or additional petals, shade from white to pink, red, orange, purple or yellow, and from 4–18 cm wide. Flower shade in sure species, these kinds of as H. mutabilis and H. tiliaceus, variations with age.[five] The fruit is a dry 5-lobed capsule, that contains a number of seeds in each lobe, which are produced when the capsule dehisces (splits open) at maturity. It is of red and white colours. It is an case in point of complete bouquets.

Makes use of:
Symbolism and culture
Hibiscus species characterize nations: Hibiscus syriacus is the countrywide flower of South Korea, and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is the countrywide flower of Malaysia. The hibiscus is the countrywide flower of Haiti. The red hibiscus is the flower of the Hindu goddess Kali, and appears often in depictions of her in the artwork of Bengal, India, often with the goddess and the flower merging in kind. The hibiscus is utilized as an giving to goddess Kali and Lord Ganesha in Hindu worship.

In the Philippines, the gumamela (area title for hibiscus) is utilized by small children as element of a bubble-creating pastime. The bouquets and leaves are crushed right up until the sticky juices arrive out. Hollow papaya stalks are then dipped into this and utilized as straws for blowing bubbles.

The hibiscus flower is traditionally worn by Tahitian and Hawaiian girls. If the flower is worn behind the left ear, the girl is married or in a romance. If the flower is worn on the right, she is single or overtly accessible for a romance. The hibiscus is Hawaii’s state flower.

Nigerian writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie named her first novel Purple Hibiscus right after the delicate flower.

The bark of the hibiscus contains sturdy bast fibres that can be attained by permitting the stripped bark established in the sea to permit the organic and natural material rot absent.

Landscaping
Quite a few species are grown for their showy bouquets or utilized as landscape shrubs, and are utilized to attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.

Paper
Just one species of Hibiscus, acknowledged as kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), is extensively utilized in paper-creating.

Beverage
Principal write-up: Hibiscus tea

The tea made of hibiscus bouquets is acknowledged by numerous names in numerous international locations about the planet and is served equally incredibly hot and cold. The beverage is effectively acknowledged for its shade, tanginess and flavor.

It is acknowledged as bissap in West Africa, agua de jamaica in Mexico and Honduras (the flower remaining flor de jamaica) and gudhal (गुड़हल) in India. Some refer to it as roselle, a popular title for the hibiscus flower. In Jamaica, Trinidad and numerous other islands in the Caribbean, the drink is acknowledged as sorrel (Hibiscus sabdariffa not to be puzzled with Rumex acetosa, a species sharing the popular title sorrel). In Ghana, the drink is acknowledged as soobolo in just one of the area languages.

Roselle is normally boiled in an enamel-coated huge stock pot as most West Indians consider the steel from aluminum, metal or copper pots will damage the normal minerals and nutritional vitamins.[citation desired]

In Cambodia, a cold beverage can be ready by first steeping the petals in incredibly hot water right up until the hues are leached from the petals, then introducing lime juice (which turns the beverage from darkish brown/red to a vivid red), sweeteners (sugar/honey) and eventually cold water/ice cubes.

In Egypt,[citation desired] Sudan and the Arab planet, hibiscus tea is acknowledged as karkadé (كركديه), and is served as equally a incredibly hot and a cold drink.

Foods
Dried hibiscus is edible, and it is often a delicacy in Mexico. It can also be candied and utilized as a garnish.

The roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is utilized as a vegetable. The species Hibiscus suratensis Linn synonymous to Hibiscus aculeatus G. Don is observed in Visayas Philippines remaining a souring ingredient for almost all area vegetables and menus. Identified as Labog in the Visayan spot, (or Labuag/Sapinit in Tagalog), the species is a really excellent ingredient in cooking indigenous hen soup. Certain species of hibiscus are also beginning to be utilized additional widely as a normal supply of food items coloring (E163),[citation desired] and substitute of Pink #three / E127.

Hibiscus species are utilized as food items crops by the larvae of some Lepidopteran species, which include Chionodes hibiscella, Hypercompe hambletoni, the nutmeg moth, and the turnip moth.

Wellbeing gains
The tea is well known as a normal diuretic it contains vitamin C and minerals, and is utilized traditionally as a delicate medication.

A 2008 USDA research exhibits consuming hibiscus tea lowers blood pressure in a group of prehypertensive and mildly hypertensive older people. A few cups of tea day-to-day resulted in an typical drop of 8.1 mmHg in their systolic blood pressure, in contrast to a 1.three mmHg drop in the volunteers who drank the placebo beverage. Examine contributors with better blood pressure readings (129 or previously mentioned) experienced a higher response to hibiscus tea: their systolic blood pressure went down by thirteen.2 mmHg. These info assist the idea that ingesting hibiscus tea in an sum commonly included into the diet program may perform a part in managing blood pressure, even though additional research is necessary.

Scientific tests have demonstrated the anti-hypertensive outcomes of H. sabdariffa in equally individuals and animals. It has been proposed that the antihypertensive outcomes of H. sabdariffa is owing to its angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibiting exercise. In a randomized, managed clinical demo involving 39 clients with delicate to average hypertension, Captopril was in contrast to an extract of H. sabdariffa for antihypertensive outcomes. Subjects taking an extract of H.sabdariffa, eaten day-to-day before breakfast for four weeks, located reduction in blood pressure equivalent to Captopril. A further randomized, placebo clinical demo involving 54 research contributors with average hypertension demonstrated a reduction in equally systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Having said that upon discontinuation of treatment method, equally systolic and diastolic blood pressures were subsequently elevated.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has a variety of clinical works by using in Chinese herbology. Lokapure s.g.et al. their research suggests some likely in beauty skin treatment for case in point, an extract from the bouquets of Hibiscus rosa- sinensis has been shown to purpose as an anti-solar agent by absorbing ultraviolet radiation.

In the Indian conventional method of medication, Ayurveda, hibiscus, primarily white hibiscus and red hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), is regarded to have medicinal properties. The roots are utilized to make different concoctions considered to cure conditions these kinds of as cough, hair loss or hair greying. As a hair treatment method, the bouquets are boiled in oil together with other spices to make a medicated hair oil. The leaves and bouquets are ground into a good paste with a tiny water, and the ensuing lathery paste is utilized as a shampoo as well as conditioner.

Hibiscus tea also contains bioflavonoids, which are considered to support avert an increase in LDL cholesterol, which can increase the buildup of plaque in the arteries.

A former animal research demonstrated the outcomes of H.sabdariffa extract on atherosclerosis in rabbits. Notably, a reduction in triglyceride, cholesterol, and lower-density lipoprotein was observed in rabbits consuming a large cholesterol diet program (HCD) in addition to H.sabdariffa extract in contrast to rabbits only fed HCD, suggesting a effective outcome.[sixteen] Additionally, the H. sabdariffa seed is plentiful in phytosterol and tocopherol, plant kinds of cholesterol that have antioxidant and LDL cholesterol lowering outcomes.

Precautions and Contraindications:

Being pregnant and Lactation
Though the mechanism is not effectively understood, former animal scientific studies have demonstrated equally an inhibitory outcome of H. sabdariffa on muscle tone and the anti-fertility outcomes of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, respectively. The extract of H. sabdariffa has been shown to promote contraction of the rat bladder and uterus the H.rosa-sinensis extract has exhibited contraceptive outcomes in the kind of estrogen exercise in rats. These findings have not been observed in individuals. The Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is also imagined to have emmenagogue outcomes which can promote menstruation and, in some gals, result in an abortion. Thanks to the documented adverse outcomes in animal scientific studies and the documented pharmacological properties, the H. sabdariffa and H.rosa-sinensis are not recommended for use for the duration of pregnancy. Furthermore, they are not recommended although breastfeeding owing to the lack of responsible information and facts on its safety and use.

Contraindications
No contraindications have been determined.

Adverse Outcomes
Drug Interactions
It is postulated that H. sabdariffa interacts with diclofenac, chloroquine and acetaminophen by altering the pharmacokinetics. In wholesome human volunteers, the H. sabdariffa extract was located to reduce the excretion of diclofenac upon co-administration. Furthermore, co-administration of Karkade (H. sabdariffa), a popular Sudanese beverage, was located to reduce chloroquine bioavailability. Having said that, no statistically substantial variations were observed in the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen when administered with the Zobo (H.sabdariffa) drink. Further scientific studies are desired to show clinical importance.

Species:
In temperate zones, possibly the most usually grown decorative species is Hibiscus syriacus, the popular back garden hibiscus, also acknowledged in some areas as the “Rose of Althea” or “Rose of Sharon” (but not to be puzzled with the unrelated Hypericum calycinum, also referred to as “Rose of Sharon”). In tropical and subtropical areas, the Chinese hibiscus (H. rosa-sinensis),